Research Areas

      • Health Apps Assessment and Apps Development
      • Research Infrastructure and Database Development
  • eLearning for Healthcare professional education

  • End-of-Life Care​
  • Workplace Well-being and Health Study
  • Social and Economic Burden of Diseases within Dermatology and Cost-effectiveness of Treatment
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Study

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Digital Health
Smartphone apps have emerged as a novel approach to support the self-management of chronic conditions, such as asthma and diabetes. [1],[2​],[3] Medical apps can be intended for healthcare professionals or the public, and offer a wide range of functions that could be successfully integrated into self-management programmes. [4] 
We aim to carry out health apps assessment projects to systematically assess the functionalities of existing apps in the market. Findings from these studies will contribute to the development of a framework for health apps assessment for managing chronic diseases. Eventually, patients, healthcare providers, and app developers will be able to make informed recommendations or choices when selecting or developing apps for chronic disease self-management.​

Digital Health Education (eLearning)
The global independent Commission on the Education of Health Professionals for the 21st century concluded that the present content, organisation, and delivery of health professionals’ education are failing to serve the needs of patient and populations. The world is short of 7.2 million healthcare workers and this figure will increase to 12.9 million by 2035. There is a need to improve not just the number of healthcare workers but also the quality of their knowledge and the relevance of their competences to the needs of the population that they serve.
Project: eLefant (eLearning for health professions education) is a WHO-commissioned global research initiative with over 50 experts collaborating worldwide, across more than 15 Universities, to develop a series of systematic reviews, to assess the scope and potential impact of eLearning in health professional education and training. 
The work would help in bringing together and building the relationship between technology, pedagogy and content knowledge, which are key to the successful delivery of educational outcomes using technology, and will provide an exhaustive and evidence-supported guidance on the integration of eLearning in medical curricula, paving way for the transforming and scaling up of health professional education for the right set of healthcare workforce skills and competencies in order to successfully meet the evolving needs of populations.

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Health Services and Outcomes Research​​
Our teams are involved in a number of HSOR projects in Singapore, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health, Singapore (MOH), and the various local healthcare institutions. Our current projects include topics such as: (a) end-of-life care; (b) workplace well-being and health study; (c) social and economic burden of diseases within dermatology and cost-effectiveness of treatment; and (d) Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) study. 
(a) End-of-life care
Our team is collaborating closely with faculties from the Nanyang Technological University’s School of Social Sciences (Division of Economics and Department of Psychology) to evaluate the national ACP programme that is currently spearheaded by the National ACP Steering Committee, together with the Agency for Integrated Care. In this evaluation, we aim to answer questions that have been stated by the Ageing Planning Office in the Ministry of Health, Singapore, on the success, economic impact, and effectiveness of the ACP programme in Singapore. We will also develop recommendations to improve on the existing ACP model and processes.
(b) Workplace well-being and health study
The aim of this study is to determine the effects of various office environmental parameters on health, and to provide recommendations to improve the well-being and health quality of employees.
(c) Social and economic burden of diseases within dermatology and cost-effectiveness of treatment
Atopic dermatitis (AD) paediatric cohort study: This study aims to measure the overall burden of paediatric AD, which will be the first international study in its field. We are in close collaboration with the National Skin Centre, Singapore and the KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital in establishing a cohort for a longitudinal study. This study aims to create a critical impact academically, and be an avenue for the academic research field to contribute to the society, using real-life situations.
Burden of non-healing wounds: This project aims to assess the burden of wounds and failing skin repair in Singapore and provide a methodological platform for assessment of skin disease burden more broadly. 
Acne cohort study: This research aims to establish a cohort for a longitudinal study on patients with acne who can be followed over time to measure real life impact of acne and reported outcome of treatments. This study also wishes to explore and map out patients that have reached a stable condition and develop risk scores that can help predict long-term sequelae of acne. Information will be collected on how acne affects quality of life, coping strategies, satisfaction with treatment and healthcare consumption and other outlays due to acne. 
(d) Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) study
The main objective of this research is to study the very early stages of development of COPD. The study will be carried out simultaneously in United Kingdom and Singapore. This will be done by recruiting a novel cohort of 1000 young smokers in 8 centres (in different cities) across United Kingdom and cohort of 200 smokers in 5 centres across Singapore. In the recruited cohorts, the trajectories of lung function decline will be followed to identify those at risk of progression.